Being a distinctive
Vietnamese dish, especially to those who live in the North, Pho is available
everywhere, from villages to urban cities, to be sold by street vendors or
served at luxurious restaurants.
About 100 km to the south of
Ha Noi and 7 km away from Ninh Binh city, Trang An Landscape Complex covers an
area of more than 2,000 hectares, mostly comprising karst hills, mysterious and
majestic grottos, paddy fields and dozens of historical and cultural relics
such as pagodas and temples.
Lying at the height of
approximately 2,000 meters above the sea level, covered with clouds all the
year round, Sapa has a magnificent and pristine beauty of a typical mountainous
town in the Northern border area of Viet Nam. It is famous for terraced fields
stretching as far as the eye can see and villages perching on mountain slopes.
Hung Kings' Festival or Hung Kings death anniversary is a Vietnamese festival held annually from the 8th to the 11th of the third lunar month, in which the 10th day is the main festival day.
Together with Pho and spring
roll, Vietnamese sandwich has become so famous and popular in many countries
that it is included as a new word in the American dictionary.
"Balance" may be
the single word that is commonly used to describe Viet Nam's gastronomy. In
essence, Vietnamese cuisines usually reach the balance of ingredients and
recipe: neither putting too much salt and fat, nor using fattening cooking
methods such as frying that may lead to diseases.
The Mekong Delta is the
southernmost region of Viet Nam, comprising one city and 12 provinces. The
Delta is formed by a huge amount of silt and has been extended together with
the sea level rise over the years.
Situated in Kien Giang
province, Phu Quoc is the largest island among the 22 islands located in the
Gulf of Thailand, and also the largest island of Viet Nam.
Mui Ne is located in the east
coast of Phan Thiet city, Binh Thuan province and about 250 km north of Ho Chi
Minh City. The place is famous for shady roads under coconut trees, wonderful
beaches, cliffs and sand dunes glowing in the sunlight.
Located in Nha Trang city,
Khanh Hoa province, Nha Trang Bay is known as the most famous beach destination
in Viet Nam.
More than 40 km south of Tuy
Hoa city, Phu Yen province, the Cliff of Stone Plates looks, from a far
distance, like a huge beehive which is about 50 meters in width, 200 meters in
Located in Da Nang city in
the central region of Viet Nam, Son Tra is referred to as a precious natural
pearl. This peninsula has a moderate climate all the year round. It is
particularly charming with vast forests, sheltering a large number of rare
animals, beautiful coral reefs and alluring beaches such as Bai Bac, Bai Nam
and Bai But.
Phong Nha-Ke Bang National
Park is situated in Quang Binh province. The Park can be compared to a huge and
valuable geological museum of the world thanks to its complicated geological
structure with different categories of stone including sandstone, quartz,
schist, siliceous limestone.
Recognized by UNESCO as a
world heritage site for its values of landscape, geology and geomorphology in
1994 and 2000, Ha Long Bay, located in Quang Ninh province, is a wonderful and
skillful masterpiece of nature.
As embodied in the ASEAN Community Vision 2025, ASEAN is a people-centred, rules-based and peace-loving community. We adhere to the principles of international law governing the peaceful conduct of relations among States, including refraining from the threat or use of force, resolving differences and disputes by peaceful means, while strengthening confidence-building measures and preventive diplomacy.
Considering the role of regional arrangements as stipulated in Chapter 8 of the Charter of the United Nations, ASEAN's contribution to the maintenance of international peace and security has been constructive and consistent with the spirit of the Charter. We therefore call for further strengthening of ASEAN-UN cooperation with a view to assisting Member States in training and experience sharing, including through various ASEAN member states' peace-keeping training centres.
At the same time, ASEAN wishes to commend the work of all the personnel involved in the protection of the civilians. We reaffirm the joint commitment of ASEAN to the protection of civilians and our continued participation in peace operations.
At national level, member states should ensure proper
training and screening of personnel to best meet UN standard requirements. Viet
Nam endorsed the Declaration of Shared Commitments on UN Peacekeeping
Operations and is ready to provide well-trained and well-equipped personnel. Pre-deployment
preparation of personnel and capabilities is crucial to their safety, security
and effective performance. This preparation must include adequate awareness pertinent
to the deployment environment, such as historic, religious, ethnic,
social, cultural and political
particularities. In-mission training can provide updates later. The Core
Pre-deployment Training Materials are extremely useful and should continue to
be updated by the UN, with the assistance of relevant countries, regional and
international organizations. From our own experience, national efforts can be
much improved with international assistance.
Viet Nam time and again reaffirms its support for the legitimate struggle of the Palestinian people for their inalienable rights, including the right to self-determination and establishment of an independent and sovereign state. We strongly believe that the two-state solution is the optimal way to end the conflict and to fulfil the aspirations of both Israelis and Palestinians. We wish to see two states, Israel and Palestine, living side-by-side in peace, security along pre-1967 borders.
We call for unity at both national level, with a genuine intra-Palestinian reconciliation, and international level, with continued and consistent support in words and in deeds. We highly appreciate the efforts by Egypt to promote the Palestinian reconciliation and call upon all concerned to abide by international law and UN resolutions on this issue.
While conflict prevention is an ideal and
long-term way to address the root causes of these sufferings, immediate actions
are urgently needed. In this regard, we strongly support the recommendation of
the Secretary General that all parties to conflict make commitments to prevent
and address conflict-related sexual violence, and welcome progresses
highlighted in the report.
The fight against conflict-related sexual
violence is no doubt a long one but regardless of how challenging it is, we need
to sustain our momentum and devote our efforts to end this brutality. On our
part, Viet Nam reaffirms our commitment to working with the international
community in this endeavor.
During the past years, the discussion of the Working Group has helped drawn greater attention of the global community to the ageing of population through the statistics we share, the difficulties we face as well as the lessons we learn. But let us be clear. Population ageing is a natural process that is taking place at every minute passing by. The issue we need to address is indeed the unprecedented pace of this process and profound changes it has brought about at national, regional and global levels.
Viet Nam is no exception and even more worryingly, we are among the five countries with the fastest ageing rate. As of 2018, there have been 11 million older persons in Viet Nam and this number is expected to triple to reach 32 million by 2050. This projection, no doubt, will bring new and increased demands to our country in health care, employment, social protection and economic development.
Viet Nam was one of
the first countries in the world agreeing to achieve the Social Protection
Floor for all and has implemented numerous policies with positive results. In
2018, 87.25 % of the population participating in health insurance. The rate of
malnourished underweight children under 5 decreased rapidly and steadily to
13.8% in 2016. All 63 cities and provinces have achieved universal preschool
education for 5-year-old children and universal primary education. The rate of
unemployment was kept low and nearly 12 million people participate in
unemployment insurance in 2017.
ASEAN reaffirms the need to further strengthen mutual cooperation and assistance at global, regional and bilateral levels to narrow the development gap, embrace new technologies and innovations to best serve our peoples' interests and ensure equitable access for all to social protection.
Through the CSocD, we can highlight the importance of strengthening collaboration between the UN and ASEAN Member States. The current Plan of Action between ASEAN and the UN reflects our effective partnership through the exchange of information and expertise, capacity building activities, technical support, and inter-sectoral dialogues to promote cooperation in areas of mutual interest and to help address common challenges. Mutual cooperation is of vital importance to ensure the realization of our ambitious goals in the 2030 Agenda.
A study shows that when the sea level rises
about 1 meter by 2010, nearly 40 percent of the Mekong Delta will be flooded.
The soil in a large area of the Delta is already increasingly salinized by sea
water. It will not only affect the livelihood of nearly 40 million people in
that region of Viet Nam, it would impact food security beyond Viet Nam’s
borders, as we are one of the top three rice exporters and the Mekong Delta
accounts for 90% of our rice export. That is just one impact and just Viet Nam
alone. What would happen to the small island states when the sea level rises?
Once again, Viet Nam would like to reiterate our solidarity and support for the just struggle of the Palestinian people for their inalienable rights, as well as the two-state solution with the establishment of an independent State of Palestine that co-exists in peace with the State of Israel along the pre-1967 internationally recognized borders.
Viet Nam opposes the excessive and indiscriminate use of force and expresses concern over the escalation of tensions, violations of UNSC resolutions and international law. We urge all parties to uphold international law, relevant United Nations resolutions, including the resolutions 478 (1980) and 2334 (2016) of the Security Council, and resolve the conflict by peaceful means in accordance with the United Nations Charter.
History since the inception of the United Nations has shown that unilateral and bilateral measures alone cannot resolve the global security challenges. On the contrary, multilateral measures based on the United Nations Charter and the principles of international law have been crucial in addressing them.
Nowadays, as peace and security in our world are facing more and more challenges, old and new, traditional and non-traditional, and with the unprecedented level of complexity, more than ever before, we need to uphold multilateralism, and we need to make it become more effective mean to address these challenges, especially the transboundary ones as they go beyond the capacity of any member state, regardless of how powerful they are.